On our way from Campinas, Brasil. Time is around 2:30 PM. June 17, 2005. The highways in Brasil are impressive.
We are passing throught the town of Americana - the red soil reminds me of Georgia.
In the middle of what seems endless red soil and sugarcane fields - we will occasionally see signs that point us to the Cemetery. The ground is parched dry though from the signs it seems like the ground gets flooded easily. It will take us many wrong turns and about thirty minutes to finally find the place.
We get lost, and end up on this farm and no one is around! The farmer soon rushes in on his tractor from the field - where he was working - accompanied by an entourage of dogs. Conversation is minimal and he waves his hand and points in a direction that is not very definitive when asked where the cemetery was.
As vegetation just flashes by on the outside, we seriously start to wonder if we will ever find our way to the Campo.
But we finally make it!
You enter the grounds not through the gate in the front - but through a side gate on the left side next to the watchman's hut. Maria and a host of dogs greets us. As you enter, immediately on the right is the meeting place.
At the base of the white obelisk that stands in the front middle of the ground, are inscribed the names of the first families who emigrated to Brazil after the Civil War.
More family names. Included is the name of the McNight family, one of whose descendents would write the first comprehensive account of the Os Confederados in Portuguese.
Another list of names.
The level playground is emblazoned with the Conferderate flag.
The second generation of the McAlpine family has donated the seating around the playing field.
A buggy (trolley) - a gift to the Campo.
The Campo Cemetary and associated facilities and structures are now maintained by the Fraternity of the American Descendents. One of their members - Robert Lee Ferguson has donated the trolley on display at the premises next to the museum.
Mary McKnight 24.9.1896-20.9.1982. Look carefully and you will see my silouhette reflected in the stone!
Some of the names are difficult to read. There are a lot of graves (about 70) which are unmarked or the inscriptions have been lost over time.
More members of the McNight family - who did not live very long at the turn of the century.
A. G. Carr
Born: Montgomery, Alabama, 1829
Died: Santa Barbara, Sao Paulo, 1884
She was in her teens when the emigration took place to Brasil.
Josephine Pyles (1854-1935)
A tangle of pine and palm, the tombstones rest in relative shadow and calm.
A quiet walk past the numerous headstones.
Mallie Bankston Hawthorne (1874-1924)
One of the more elaborate and grand monuments. Double graves for the Cullens - John Amos and Mary Ingram who both died the same day 27 August, 1943.
Alice Kathleen Hawthorne, 21.7.1876 to 8.6.1892.
My favorite shot of gravestones in dappled afternoon sunlight.
With second and third generation Confederados we see Portuguese influence in names and tombstone inscriptions.
Jose Keese - who survived less than a year. June 1928 to April 1927.
The permanent chapel built in the 1960s that replaced less permanent older structures.
Inside the chapel.
The chapel floor tiles.
Maria, the caretaker, is standing to the side. Tom holds the guestbook which we have just finished signing.
Colonel Norris - on whose fazenda grounds - a Protestant cemetary was set up in the 1870s as Portuguese cemeteries were not open for non-Catholic burials till Brasil became a Republic in 1889.
Our patient guide and driver - who joined us in what turned out to be a long search to find the cemetary grounds.
Palm trees line the path up to the chapel.
Only 10 days on earth for Harris Journet Hawthorne.
Two generations of the Miller family. Notice how the names change with time.
The white obelisk - looking out from the chapel towards the front gate. You can see the museum to the left fronted by the playarea.
Commemorative plaque to 100 years of the Confederate Immigration.
Obelisk and chapel and me.
Inside the museum - some greats of the Southern Confederacy.
Inside the museum.
Inside the small mueseum, a calligraphic ode to the Os Confederados and their immigration to Brasil.
From the museum rafters hangs the flags of the United States and Brasil.